Their estimation of the relationship of classes is unclear; their conception of the class struggle and the growth of fascism and reaction is superficial.
The result is now history, a glorious page in the life of the Russian Revolution. This made the Communist Party of the Soviet Union a party of the new type and enabled it to lead the Russian Revolution successfully. The general effect of these weaknesses in activization as well as in the spheres of theory, strategy, and organization is dangerously to restrict the political fighting power of the mass movement.
If the German Revolution had succeeded in late or early it would have ended much earlier. They have been able to voice at any given time the deepest aspirations of the masses and to point the way for realization of their most basic needs. Second, because in so far as they did form theoretical conceptions regarding the nature of Soviet power and the dictatorship of the proletariat it did not include the notion of one party rule.
He formerly lectured at Portsmouth University,but now lives in Dublin. Now that the civil war had ended, waves of peasant uprisings swept rural Russia. When the Revolution took place in October,the Russian army, betrayed by its tsarist officers and defeated by the Germans, was rapidly disintegrating and about to fall to pieces.
Now, in their eyes, there was no justification whatsoever for hated food requisitions and they rose in revolt against the regime. Lenin and Stalin have evidenced their outstanding brilliance as mass leaders in every revolutionary requirement: It was in this capacity that Stalin was able to organize appointments and configurations that would be supportive of his claim to power.
Lenin did not lead to Stalin. Stalin stood forth as a superlative mass organizer. It educated them, set them in motion, and led their millions in successful revolutionary struggle against capitalism.
They clarified every aspect of the vast and unique problem of building socialism in one country, and surveyed the whole position of international capitalism.
Much of China was divided between various regional warlords. During the following years of desperate revolutionary struggle in the U. The officers may keep the sidearms that distinguish their rank.
So too is the reference to the international revolution at the end which Lenin invokes again and again. Though at this point his postion was assured,but to secure his absolute control over the party, however, Stalin began to purge from party ranks those leaders and their followers whose loyalty he doubted.
At the same time it must also be acknowledged that in relation to each of these charges there is another side of the story. In MarchLloyd George wrote to Clemenceau: It educated them, set them in motion, and led their millions in successful revolutionary struggle against capitalism.
Work discipline was intense and trade union rights and the right to strike were non-existent. What it relies on is taking the self-declaration of the political leaderships concerned as Leninist at face value.
Thus, his powerful polemics against Trotsky, Zinoviev, Bukharin and their counterrevolutionary affiliates comprised the greatest ideological struggle of our times.
Within the Communist International CI the Stalinists moved against those who supported Trotsky in arguing the centrality of internationalising the revolution. The expanding Soviet democracy has given birth, as its legal expression, to the new Constitution, most advanced in the world, fitly named after Stalin.
When this plan became known internationally, it evoked a chorus of sneers from bourgeois economists and statesmen. Like Marx and Engels before them, Lenin and Stalin have shown superlative capacities in translating their socialist principles into successful mass action.
The two chief figures in the Communist Party heading this epic struggle—Lenin and Stalin—have continuously displayed, in its course, unequalled qualities as political leaders of the working class and of the toiling people generally. The argument I have presented so far that the harsh measures of the Lenin-led government were the product of the situation it faced rather than its pre-ordained authoritarian inclinations raises two other issues.
Soviet power has been won in Russiaand the transfer of government from one Soviet party to another is guaranteed without any revolution, simply by a decision of the Soviets; simply by new elections of deputies to the Soviets [My emphasis —JM].
The Russian Empire became a de facto republic, headed by a Provisional Government dominated by liberals. German and Austrian workers and soldiers embarked on a series of revolutionary struggles only to be betrayed by cowardly reformist leaders.
He wanted to turn the world into a communist place, but Stalin got the favour, because he wanted to improve Russia — it showed he wanted to make Russia a better place, for the Russian people.
This vast task involved rearing millions of skilled workers and engineers out of an industrially backward population, building up unique economic organs, developing new methods of mass work, and a thousand other grave organizational problems.
Stalin has further developed Marxism-Leninism through many invaluable theoretical accomplishments. He worked out, in practice as well as in theory, the fundamental organizational principles of the Communist Party, the most advanced and complicated form of political organization yet forged by mankind.
No, he wanted to defeat him. Great Marxian Theoreticians The main foundation of the brilliant successes of Lenin and Stalin as the leaders of the Russian Revolution lies in their deep mastery of Marxian theory.
The Bolshevik government did dissolve the Constituent Assembly establish a political monopoly etc and rule in an increasingly authoritarian fashion in the years in which it was headed by Lenin."Did Lenin Lead to Stalin?" Examine the Elements of Change and Continuity Within Soviet Russia The study of how Stalin became the successor to Lenin is an examination of power dynamics.
Such an examination shows how power was something that Stalin coveted more than anything else. Lenin did not lead to Stalin.
Stalin smashed Leninism in the USSR. This bureaucratic victory was not inevitable. The isolation of the Russian revolution was not god-given. It came courtesy of the west European reformist leaders who either derailed or drowned in blood (Germany) the revolutions which erupted after Lenin split with these leaders.
Apr 02, · SWP dayschool for students and new members years on from What does it mean to be a revolutionary today? Did Lenin lead to Stalin? - Lewis Nielsen. "Did Lenin Lead to Stalin?" Examine the Elements of Change and Continuity Within Soviet Russia Essay The Bolshevik Revolution was the seizure of power by the radical Marxists led by Vladimir Lenin and was one of the pivotal moments of the 20th Century.
The ramifications of the event, and the subsequent establishment of. Did Leninism lead to Stalinism? Fri, 30/04/ - The idea that Lenin led to Stalin has been the subject of many a school history essay.
Stalin certainly succeeded Lenin as leader of the Russian Communist Party. But is there something within Leninism which led inexorably to the horrors of Stalinism? Lenin did not lead to Stalin.Download