Emotions research and theories

Finally, decision-makers tend to weight possible outcomes differently based on the amount of delay between the choice and the outcome.

An illustration of Prinz's somatic feedback theory. As James wrote, "the perception of bodily changes, as they occur, is the emotion. Others focus on the history of medicinescience Emotions research and theories, or psychology.

Other emotions, he says, are either combinations of two or three of these basic emotions, or one of these eight emotions experienced at a greater or a milder intensity.

In Prinz's theory, the mental state the emotion is caused by bodily activity, but, rather than being about the bodily activity, the emotion is about something else, namely these simple pieces of information that the mental state represents. Where this has been a negative feeling, the response may range from vigorous justification of our actions to conciliatory apologies and other 'making up'.

The Danish psychologist Carl Lange also proposed a similar theory at around the same time, and therefore this theory became known as the James—Lange theory. Suddenly, Mandy froze as a car shot right past her through the red light and crashed into a car already in the intersection.

Contemporary More contemporary views along the evolutionary psychology spectrum posit that both basic emotions and social emotions evolved to motivate social behaviors that were adaptive in the ancestral environment. This was demonstrated for moderately attractive visual stimuli [65] and replicated and extended to include negative stimuli.

Schachter did agree that physiological reactions played a big role in emotions. A highly robust finding is that people exhibit a tendency to recognize people of their same race better than those of a different race.

In philosophyemotions are studied in sub-fields such as ethicsthe philosophy of art for example, sensory—emotional values, and matters of taste and sentimentalityand the philosophy of music see also Music and emotion.

For example, grief is a syndrome.

Theories of Emotion

For Prinz, as for James, the emotion is the mental state that is caused by the feedback from the body. Why Do We Have Emotions? By lunchtime, when she talked to her friends about the accident, the shaky feeling was starting to wear off, and she was beginning to feel anger toward the driver of the car that had run the red light.

The hypothalamus is the part of the brain that controls automatic body responses. Some anthropology studies examine the role of emotions in human activities. He explained how the heightened state of emotional energy achieved during totemic rituals transported individuals above themselves giving them the sense that they were in the presence of a higher power, a force, that was embedded in the sacred objects that were worshipped.

The Japanese have the emotion amae, which is a feeling of dependency upon another's love. Solomon claims that emotions are judgments. Jenny cognitively assesses the snake in her presence.

Some emotions are discussed in more detail here: In Griffiths' theory, the other emotions belong to different categories—the higher-cognitive emotions and the socially constructed emotions—and in some cases a single vernacular term, for example, anger, will have instances that belong to different categories.

Cultural, group, and interpersonal processes. Robinson also suggests that the non-cognitive process may be followed by cognitive activity that labels an emotion response in ways that reflect the individual's thoughts and beliefs.

According to Damasio, these feelings are crucial in helping us make decisions and choose our actions see Damasio's somatic marker hypothesis, Ekman and Griffiths both believe that this system accounts for a significant number of the emotions that humans experience, but neither think that it describes all emotions.

Cognitive theories account for these two observations by proposing that the way in which the individual evaluates the stimulus determines the emotion that is elicited.

Theories of Emotion

How to hear it helpfully. The formation or disruption of social bonds is dependent on the emotions that people experience during interactions. Emotional energy is considered to be a feeling of confidence to take action and a boldness that one experiences when they are charged up from the collective effervescence generated during group gatherings that reach high levels of intensity.

When drawing from "dangerous decks" and consequently experiencing losses and the associated negative emotions, they subsequently made safer and more lucrative choices. As an example of how specific and recognizable these norms, values, and expectations sometimes are, one can consider "emotion rules" that Americans often follow.

The emotions felt in a particular situation will be recorded in the emotional memory and can be activated when the person faces a similar situation or has to make a difficult decision in a short period of time.

These four categories are called primary emotions and there is some agreement amongst researchers that these primary emotions become combined to produce more elaborate and complex emotional experiences. A person has the right duty to become angry at intentional wrongdoing or at unintentional misdeeds if those misdeeds are correctable for example, due to negligence, carelessness, or oversight.Why do people believe in conspiracy theories?

First of all, it’s not just a few loners on the internet—prior research indicates that half the American public believes in at least one. Emotions are what drive us and what drive us astray. You cannot persuade without understanding them well. According to other theories, emotions are not causal forces but simply syndromes of components, which might include motivation, feeling, behavior, and physiological changes, but no one of these components is the emotion.

Nor is the emotion an entity that causes these components. Reviews of Current Research and Theories Edited by Jan De Houwer and Dirk Hermans. Published in Cognition and emotion: reviews of current research and theories / We selected the following topics: Emotion theories, feeling and thinking, the perception of emotion, the expression of emotion.

The Science Behind Dreaming. New research sheds light on how and why we remember dreams--and what purpose they are likely to serve. Determining how the emotion and cognitive components of emotion schemas and emotion-schema memes integrate or mingle in the brain should provide leads for translational research.

The findings from such research should contribute to preventive interventions that facilitate the development of emotion and social competence and the .

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Emotions research and theories
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