After this the Macedonians were reconciled with their king and 10, of them set out for Europe, leaving their children of Asian women with Alexander. Some say he could have made this trip easy by sailing his troops through the Persian Gulf instead, but he decided to go through the desert as a challenge -- because no one had ever successfully brought an army through it.
But at the end the Macedonian army defeated the enemy and conquered the coast of Asia Minor. According to the Roman historian Plutarch, Aristotle personally annotated a copy of the Iliad for Alexander.
Though he was an unquestionably skilled and highly respected military leader, Alexander the Great was feared by those around him for his paranoia and dangerous temper.
The city where Alexander's father was kept as hostage for three years, was plundered, sacked, burned, and razed to the ground, just like Philip acted with Methone, Olynthus, and the rest of the Greek cities in Chalcidice.
Alexander died on BC after a period of sickness in Babylon. With Bessus out of the way, Alexander had full control of Persia. But Alexander was not done. After that the Greeks were happily united behind Alexander and he could focus his attention on expanding the empire.
But while most talk of his invasions and exploits, you rarely hear or read why he invaded the mighty Persian Empire in BC in the first place. Supposedly, one of those on the rock was a girl named Roxane. Conquering the World Philip's next goal was to defeat Greece's age-old enemy to the east: Tons of rocks and wood were poured into the water strip separating the island from the coast but its construction and the attacks from the city walls cost Alexander many of his bravest Macedonians.
Although he mourned his friend excessively and nearly committed suicide when he realized what he had done, all of Alexander's associates thereafter feared his paranoia and dangerous temper. Alexander seemed to want to reconcile the unfamiliar and seemingly strange culture of the East with the European West, and he encouraged syncretism, cultural contact, intermarriage with localsand even seemed to suggest resettlement and exchanges of natives from Persia and Media to Greece and vice versa.
Alexander traveled to the desert to consult the oracle of Ammon, a god of supposed good counsel. Alexander's conquests led to Greek culture getting spread to the east, and ideas from the east going back to the West, marking the start of the Hellenistic Age, which led to Greek becoming the lingua franca or common tongue of the Ancient Middle-East, influencing Persia Greek remained the language of administration well into the Sassanid Empires of 6th Century CEIndia, Ancient Arabia, and Judea.
Meanwhile, the city of Amphissa began to work lands that were sacred to Apollo near Delphia sacrilege that gave Philip the opportunity to further intervene in Greek affairs.
In fact, Alexander's reign marked the beginning of a new era known as the Hellenistic Age because of the powerful influence that Greek culture had on other people. Elephants were particularly effective against horses, which would often bolt away in fear at the presence of the enormous beasts.
The Macedonians were allowed to file past their leader for the last time before he finally succumbed to the illness on June 7, BC in the Macedonian month of Daesius.
Philip deliberately commanded his troops to retreat, counting on the untested Athenian hoplites to follow, thus breaking their line. The Macedonians spotted the lights from the Persian campfires and encouraged Alexander to lead his attack under cover of darkness.
Elephants were particularly effective against horses, which would often bolt away in fear at the presence of the enormous beasts.There is very instructive incident involving the life of Alexander, the great Macedonian king.
Alexander, after conquering many kingdoms, was returning home. Nov 09, · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever.
The true story of one of history's most luminous and influential leaders, Alexander the Great--a man who had conquered 90% of the known world by the age of twenty-seven. Alexander led his. Alexander III of Macedon (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Γ΄ ὁ Μακεδών; 20/21 July BC – 10/11 June BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ancient Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, translit.
Aléxandros ho Mégas, was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead agronumericus.com was born in Pella in BC and succeeded his father Philip.
In the first authoritative biography of Alexander the Great written for a general audience in a generation, classicist and historian Philip Freeman tells the remarkable life of the great conqueror. The story of Alexander the Great. What we know makes him seem more like a character from Greek mythology than a real human being -- and that's exactly how he would have liked it.Download